Getting Kids to Take Their Supplements

Renowned pediatrician Dr. Jared Skowron shares with us some simple tips for getting kids to take their supplements. Easily mix supplements in yogurt, applesauce, popsicles and even gelatin for a quick and simple treat. If you or your loved ones have difficulty taking supplements, these tips could be perfect for you. For practitioners, learn valuable ways to help improve patient compliance for adults and kids alike!


How to Read a Supplement Label

Dietary supplements are regulated by the FDA, and all labels need to follow a consistent format to make it easier for consumers to understand supplements. There are some tricks to understanding dietary supplement labels well, so be sure to pay attention to the following points when you're evaluating your supplements.

The "Supplement Facts" title is an indicator that the product is marketed for sale in the USA and is an FDA standard. The serving size, and sometimes the number of servings per bottle will be included to help you compare more easily between products Make sure the serving sizes match when you're comparing supplements to get an accurate comparison between the products. Vitamins and minerals will always show the dose in both weight and % daily value to help you understand how you're hitting your dietary requirements. Many supplements will have doses that exceed the recommended daily amount. Always talk to your health care practitioner to make sure that you're taking the right dose of supplements. Dietary supplement ingredients that aren’t vitamins or minerals won't have a % daily value because the values haven’t been established as they are not essential ingredients in the diet.

Herbs will sometimes have additional information listed in the supplement facts panel. You might see ratio numbers (ie. 4:1) that designates how much raw material of the herb (fresh or dried herb) went into making the supplement version of the herb. Herbs might have a standardization amount that corresponds to how much of an active ingredient is present in the herbal supplement. The dose of the active ingredient is often listed, but not all the time. Proprietary blends are common in dietary supplements. The total amount of the proprietary blend in a serving needs to be listed on a supplement, which means that you don't get all of the information about every ingredient that is in the blend. Ingredients in a proprietary blend are listed in order from most to least. This is similar to how food ingredients are listed on nutrition facts panels that you find on prepared foods. The daily value percent is established against a 2000 calorie diet. While this is the standard calorie amount across most labels, it's always important to scale your requirements based on the calorie intake that you need to reach your health goals.

 

Download this as a pdf and share with your patients!
How to Read Supplements


Healthy Happenings with Dr. Jared Skowron on the 5 Subtypes of Autism

Dr. Skowron has been a naturopathic pediatric physician for almost 15 years and works in office with children and their families. The majority of Dr. Skowron’s practice is with children with Autism and ADHD. Our doctors discuss the 5 major subtypes that children on the spectrum of autism can generally fit into. Through these groups, it helps doctors develop more effective treatments and assessments of the individual.

The first two subtypes are opposites, under-methylators and over-methylators. Under-methylators are do not produce enough chemicals in their brains where we see low levels of seratonin and dopamine which influences their lack of language and anxious behaviors. Often these kids are sensory seekers always looking for input, bouncing around, watching TV, wanting hugs, etc. and respond well to supplementation with methyl B vitamins, amino acids, 5-HTP, gaba, and sometimes tyrosine.

On the other side the over-methylators make way too much adrenaline, are angry, don’t sleep well, are aggressive and need help metabolizing adrenaline to calm down. Inositol, lithium orotate, taurine, gaba, and theanine are all helpful in helping regulate this brain chemistry.

Recognizing these types by testing the child’s biology are the first steps. For group 3, we have the inattentive or sluggish. Usually these children are unmotivated, hypotonia (low muscle tone), frequent constipation, so things just aren’t “moving” in multiple aspects. These kids are usually very low in dopamine, so we supplement with tyrosine to help dopamine production. Mitochondrial dysfunction is usually a factor and very prevalent in autism. Dr. Skowron treats this with ATP supplementation.

Type number 4 usually includes children who are anxious and nervous. Anxiety can be a huge symptom regardless of their bigger diagnosis. Children who have transitional anxiety are a part of this group and is seen frequently in children with ADHD because of a fear of the unknown. When they’re scared and worried about what’s happening next, kids are not going to be focused at school. This can be seen in kids who have a hard time going from point A to point B, whether it’s from home to school or tablet to no tablet. To treat this type, supplementing with high doses of gaba and licorice (to help boost cortisol levels) can be very helpful.

Type number 5 is the “yeasty” type. This includes people prone to intestinal yeast infections and with autism, frequently immune function can be impaired because of gastrointestinal dysfunction. Interesting yeast symptoms in kids can translate to inappropriate laughter, bad breath, red ring around the anus, spastic movement, big bloated belly and behavioral worsening around full and new moons. To treat this, using probiotics, antimicrobial herbs and prebiotics.

Using these classifications to help treat the specific individuals can make a huge impact on the overall health and behavior of kids. Working with a physician who is willing to dive deeper and not just prescribe OTC drugs and stimulant prescriptions can make a lasting life-long impact and even recovery for many children.

Dr. Jared M. Skowron has been working with children with Autism and ADHD for over fifteen years. He specializes in using natural, non-pharmaceutical therapies to support healthy neurological development. These natural treatments support healthy language development, calm behavior, normal sensory function, regular sleep patterns, emotional stability, and improved memory for children with Autism and ADHD. Dr. Skowron also authored the Amazon best-selling book 100 Natural Remedies For Your Child. Dr. Skowron is a leading innovator in the realm of natural health solutions for children with Autism and ADHD and lectures internationally, educating parents about how natural therapies can help their children reach their full potential. As the creator of Spectrum Awakening, Dr. Skowron aims to benefit all families and children with the same supplement supports for Autism and ADHD that he uses in his private practice. He serves on the Editorial Board of Natural Practitioner magazine and on the advisory board of Autism Hope Alliance, NeuroNeeds, and Chemo & Crayons. He can be regularly seen on his local NBC news station in Connecticut where he serves as their Natural Medicine consultant.

Dr. Holly Lucille, ND, RN serves as the President of California Association of Naturopathic Physicians. Dr. Lucille works at the Los Angeles Free Clinic providing health education, promotion and prevention. Dr. Lucille serves as a Naturopathic physician, an expert on women's health issues. In her private practice, Healing from Within Healthcare in Los Angeles, California, she specializes in Women's Wellness. She has extensive education in various modalities, including homeopathy, clinical nutrition, botanical medicine, body and energy work and mind body and lifestyle counseling. She serves as a Member of the Scientific Advisory Board of PhytoPharmica Inc. She serves as a Member of Scientific Advisory Board at EuroPharma, Inc. She serves as a Member of Medical Advisory Board at Integrative Therapeutics, Inc. She served as Member of the Scientific Advisory Board of Enzymatic Therapy, Inc. She serves as Member of Naturopathic Scientific Advisory Committee at Kamedis Bio Herbal Skincare. She is the recipient of the 2004 Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine Legacy Award recognizing her incredible service and contributions to the naturopathic medical community. She is a Registered Nurse. Dr. Lucille has Doctorate from the Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine where she received the 'Daphne Blayden' award for her 'Commitment to Naturopathic Medicine.

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Healthy Happenings: ADHD Diagnosis and Care with Dr. Charles Parker

Dr.’s Holly and Charles Parker discuss the general diagnosis of ADHD, but how the mechanism behind the diagnosis is more important. What is crucial to ask, is “what’s going on somatically?” so that you can clarify what the brain function issues are. Dr. Parker elaborates on how our executive function has helped people adapt in their environments over time. Typical ADD and ADHD are often blanket fixes that do not treat precise brain function.

Our doctors look at how the traditional stimulant medications for ADHD do not address each patient’s specific needs. There is a whole web of intricacies with neurotransmitters that affect executive function. When assessing ADHD from a function medicine background, there are some important questions to ask. One of them is how many bowel movements do you take a day? This helps physicians look at what’s going on at the most basic level for a general transit time test. With executive function looking at the process of seeing change, dealing with change in a timely manner, and remembering something till the day we die shows working memory is a huge part of executive function.

If your working memory is desynchronized, they may show up as acting without thinking, thinking too much without acting (cognitive anxiety which is more related to dopamine), lastly I’m not going to think or act because I have too much going on, this is classified as “avoidant personality”.

The next part of treatment is how to get medications right. First you have to look at the patient’s metabolic efficiency. Looking deeper at the patient, there are functional medicine interventions for ADHD diagnosis. Frequent neurotransmitter testing is helpful, but Dr. Parker recently looks into molecular and cellular physiology, specifically methylation. If a personal is undermethylated, they are way too active. Overmethylated means the person has a “constipation” of neurotransmitter pressure in the synapse. Often these patients can have an extreme reaction to medication.

Dr. Charles Parker is a writer, nationally recognized speaker, neuroscientist certified for SPECT brain imaging, and practicing child and adult psychiatrist. With more than 43 years of clinical experience, from psychoanalysis to psychopharmacology, Parker brings a unique perspective to the changes that must be made in the current diagnostic and treatment protocols for psychiatric conditions, particularly ADHD. He knows the territory not only from direct experience with clients, but from many years of lecturing to medical colleagues, on behalf of several pharmaceutical companies, on the science and applications of psychotropic meds. With a cutting edge interest in effective brain function, Parker teaches about cognitive and emotional imbalance. His mission is to translate brain science into common sense language. Parker's CorePsych Blog has won numerous ADHD writing awards, and set new standards for the diagnosis and treatment of Executive Function Disorders. Dr. Parker works and lives in Virginia Beach, Virginia.

Dr. Holly Lucille, ND, RN serves as the President of California Association of Naturopathic Physicians. Dr. Lucille works at the Los Angeles Free Clinic providing health education, promotion and prevention. Dr. Lucille serves as a Naturopathic physician, an expert on women's health issues. In her private practice, Healing from Within Healthcare in Los Angeles, California, she specializes in Women's Wellness. She has extensive education in various modalities, including homeopathy, clinical nutrition, botanical medicine, body and energy work and mind body and lifestyle counseling. She serves as a Member of the Scientific Advisory Board of PhytoPharmica Inc. She serves as a Member of Scientific Advisory Board at EuroPharma, Inc. She serves as a Member of Medical Advisory Board at Integrative Therapeutics, Inc. She served as Member of the Scientific Advisory Board of Enzymatic Therapy, Inc. She serves as Member of Naturopathic Scientific Advisory Committee at Kamedis Bio Herbal Skincare. She is the recipient of the 2004 Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine Legacy Award recognizing her incredible service and contributions to the naturopathic medical community. She is a Registered Nurse. Dr. Lucille has Doctorate from the Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine where she received the 'Daphne Blayden' award for her 'Commitment to Naturopathic Medicine.

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Healthy Happenings with Dr. Trevor Cates: The Skin From Within

Dr.’s Holly and Trevor talk about how the gut microbiome impacts our skin microbiome. Many patients visit dermatologists for skin conditions and are prescribed topical medications to suppress symptoms. Our doctors take a holistic approach and look at what is going on internally to be causing an issue externally with their skin. Dr. Cates has realized it takes a two pronged approach with helping your internal environment as well as treating the skin topically. Using topicals and getting the right pH and microbiome balance is key in daily skin care use.

Often with skin issues on the face like acne, it can become a stressful and emotional issue. This is why it’s so important for practitioners to help patients balance their internal environment and help prescribe the right topicals to help people get healthy from the inside out.

Dr. Trevor Cates is the author of the bestselling book Clean Skin from Within. She became known, as “The Spa Dr.” after working in world-renowned spas and was the first woman licensed as a naturopathic doctor in the state of California, appointed by former Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger to California’s Bureau of Naturopathic Medicine Advisory Council. Dr. Cates lives in Park City, Utah where she helps patients from around the world achieve graceful aging and glowing skin.
She has been featured on The Doctors, Extra, First for Women, and Mind Body Green. Dr. Cates has her own PBS special, Younger Skin From Within and is host of The Spa Dr. Podcast. She believes the key to healthy skin is inner and outer nourishment with non-toxic ingredients. Dr. Cates’ The Spa Dr. skin care and supplement lines are formulated with natural and organic ingredients designed to help you achieve the clean and natural path to confidence and beautiful skin.

Dr. Holly Lucille, ND, RN serves as the President of California Association of Naturopathic Physicians. Dr. Lucille works at the Los Angeles Free Clinic providing health education, promotion and prevention. Dr. Lucille serves as a Naturopathic physician, an expert on women's health issues. In her private practice, Healing from Within Healthcare in Los Angeles, California, she specializes in Women's Wellness. She has extensive education in various modalities, including homeopathy, clinical nutrition, botanical medicine, body and energy work and mind body and lifestyle counseling. She serves as a Member of the Scientific Advisory Board of PhytoPharmica Inc. She serves as a Member of Scientific Advisory Board at EuroPharma, Inc. She serves as a Member of Medical Advisory Board at Integrative Therapeutics, Inc. She served as Member of the Scientific Advisory Board of Enzymatic Therapy, Inc. She serves as Member of Naturopathic Scientific Advisory Committee at Kamedis Bio Herbal Skincare. She is the recipient of the 2004 Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine Legacy Award recognizing her incredible service and contributions to the naturopathic medical community. She is a Registered Nurse. Dr. Lucille has Doctorate from the Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine where she received the 'Daphne Blayden' award for her 'Commitment to Naturopathic Medicine.

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Natural Partners Culture: Week of Wellness and Wackiness

At Natural Partners we are bigger than our business and our “WOO(Win Others Over) Week,” and “All Hands In” annual celebrations highlights, the Natural Partners culture, our relationships with each other and our passion for our business.

The week is filled with appreciation for the hard work of all Natty P’s and their contributions in spreading wellness, while expressing our gratitude for all that we have accomplished together as a team.

Natural Partners Culture Week

During WOO week, each day is centered around a universal company theme that is based on our 10 core values.

  1. Treat others the way you would like to be treated
  2. Work with a sense of integrity at all times
  3. Get the job done with teamwork and cooperation
  4. Win others over and provide excellence in client service
  5. Constantly grow and learn
  6. Be innovative
  7. Create a positive company atmosphere
  8. Be bigger than our business
  9. Find a way to create a healthy environment
  10. Embrace positive change.

Tied into each theme were team-based activities that emphasized teamwork, creativity,and inter-departmental cooperation.  Some of these team activities included building a newspaper tower, a healthy version of iron chef, creating a team poster and designing and racing a team built car. All activities reinforced skills the Natural Partners team uses everyday. Our atmosphere is a little bit rock and roll. (In fact, naming all The Beatles is a question during our new employee interview process.)During WOO Week you can feel the culture, camaraderie, wholeness and fun that exemplifies what we experience all year long.

Natural Partners Core Values

Part of the WOO Week experience involves the crowning of the Natty P Rock Star and Rock Starlet. Every member of the Natty P team votes on the man and woman who embody the Natural Partner’s core values. This year our Rock Stars are Dianne Forbes, and Jason Dec.  Who had this to say about WOO Week…

 “I believe WOO Week adds enjoyable competitiveness, and it helps keep an already tight knit Company, that much tighter. I believe it gives us all a chance to intermingle with each other and be even sillier than we are on a daily basis. It makes Natural Partners (to me), a company that is great to work at because I choose to.... not because I HAVE TO.” 

- Dianne Forbes, Rock Starlet

 WOO Week is a "cultural" rite of passage for Natural Partners Inc. It's a celebration designed specifically for the employees!  WOO Week helps to demonstrate what's possible when culture truly becomes embedded into the company's DNA. The daily event(s) bring people together through shared activities, teamwork & wackiness!  The NattyP "culture" is an ecosystem, almost like a living organism!  Once people experience the NattyP "way" first hand - the word "culture" transcends from the theoretical into applied action in all that we do. WOO Week is essential to this process. “

 - Jason Dec, Rock Star

Natural Partners Company Culture

At Natural Partners we believe in the possibility of world wellness and freedom from suffering on the planet. We try to live this vision everyday. We are grateful and cherish the opportunity to work with others who live this vision as well.We appreciate and honor all of our manufacturers and client/partner relationships. We love what we do, and we hope it shows.

Natural Partners Spreading Wellness



Check out the WooWeek 2013 video by clicking here!


Are You Absorbing Your Vitamins?

Absorbing your vitamins

You’re health conscious. You've got protein powder, fish oil, COQ10, a daily multi-vitamin, etc. You take these supplements every day; they don’t just sit in your kitchen cabinet. But how much of these supplements are you actually absorbing and how much are literally going down the toilet?

There are two main factors that affect the way your body absorbs nutrients. The good news is both can be altered by your actions.

  1. The type and quality of supplements you take.
  2. How you consume them. (intervals at which you take the supplements during the day, dosage amounts, etc.)

For example, whey protein, the most common ingredient in protein powders, can only be absorbed at a rate of 10 grams per hour. Furthermore, it takes 1.5 hours for the protein to pass through the section of intestines that can actually absorb it. So that 22 gram protein shake you drank for lunch, only gave you 15 grams.

Vitamin and mineral absorption can also be hindered by the combination you take them in. Too much of a specific supplement can result in your body not absorbing other vitamins or minerals. For example, too much vitamin A can block absorption of vitamin K. Furthermore, Calcium competes with Iron in the absorption arena, even with normal doses.

So, how can we counteract these negative effects? For whey protein, you can do a couple things to ensure that you are getting your money’s worth.

  1. You can spread out your consumption of the protein powder so that you are only drinking 15 grams of protein every 1.5 hours.
  2. You can start taking digestive enzymes to help your intestines absorb that critical protein.

It’s a little more complicated for supplements, the strategy changes depending on which ones you are taking. For example Calcium absorption is increased by vitamin D and the consumption of food. Also, brands that have been independently tested and certified either by USP or NSF actually have the stated amount of the vitamin per dosage.

These are just a few examples of how you can efficiently take supplements. A little education can go a long way, there are countless absorption strategies depending on what your specific needs are. It’s just a matter of finding out what works for you.


 

*This statement has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease

Sources:

http://www.precisionnutrition.com/rr-whey-too-much
http://health.howstuffworks.com/wellness/food-nutrition/vitamin-supplements/body-absorb-vitamins.htm
http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/improve-bodys-absorption-vitamins-2898.html
http://www.cnn.com/2010/HEALTH/expert.q.a/01/15/vitamins.absorption.jampolis/


Feeling Your Age? Try Krill Oil

Try Krill Oil

If you are feeling worn-out; are a little stiff; have a few average body aches and pain; and have trouble reading small print without getting a headache these days, try krill oil. Krill oil is rapidly becoming the sought after nutritional supplement for inflammation and general anti-aging.* 100% pure krill oil has very robust antioxidants containing Omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA) and astaxanthin.  Krill oil contains omega-3’s and is nearly 100% absorbable, which makes it more sufficient at lower doses than fish oil. Krill oil is also more shelf-stable and does not become rancid as fish oil does. Additionally, there is no distasteful fishy odor or “fish burps” associated with krill oil. But what are the health benefits?

Krill supports general heart health and triglyceride levels.* It also aids in improving brain health and cognitive function, minimizing the symptoms of arthritis, and research shows it may reduce PMS symptoms.* The astaxanthin that is contained in the krill provides support for eye fatigue (reducing eyestrain), cognitive ability, muscle and joint (is considered one of the most powerful anti- inflammation supplements) along with support for skin.* Another benefit is that many types of fish and fish oils contain mercury and other heavy metals- some may be over the acceptable and safe limit. Krill is not prone to this type of contamination since it is harvested from the untouched and pristine Antarctic waters. Similarly, krill is also far more sustainable as a food source than fish. Krill harvesting is closely monitored and carefully regulated to ensure its environmental sustainability. The Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) is an international environmental organization comprised of 25 countries with a mission to preserve marine life and the environmental integrity within and surrounding Antarctica.

With today’s continuing advancement in technology, we are able to protect, expand, and support health from the inside out. Our nutrition becomes critical as new research focuses on health at the cellular level. Astaxanthin is a carotenoid molecule from the same family as beta-carotene, lycopene, and zeaxanthin, though astaxanthinWhen we are under stress and during the normal aging process, our bodies may lose the ability to produce high levels of the antioxidants that are produced internally when we are subjected to environmental factors such as pollution, toxins, and processed food. When searching for a good quality krill oil, read the label and be sure it contains 100% krill oil and a significant amount of astaxanthin (1-2 mg per serving) to help support overall health, slowdown cellular aging, and manage inflammation.

Linda Hlivka
Clinical Nutritionist
Shop Olympian Labs, Inc


 *These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
**This blog was written by an outside source. This blog does not necessarily reflect the views or positions of Natural Partners.

Dealing with Gluten by Walter J. Crinnion, ND

Dealing with Gluten by Walter J Crinnion NDWalter J. Crinnion ND

Gluten-free is becoming one of the new food and supplement marketing buzz-words. Restaurants chains including Dominos Pizza have gluten-free offerings, and regular grocery stores have gluten-free sections for shoppers. Many websites are solely devoted to gluten-free living, along with cookbooks and cooking classes. Yet, there is a lot of confusion when it comes to wheat sensitivities (also mistakenly referred to as ‘wheat allergy’), gluten intolerance and Celiac disease.

Celiac disease is classified as an autoimmune illness, and also fits the general description of intolerance because humans don’t have the enzymes necessary to properly digest the gluten protein (gliadins). In Celiac disease antibodies to all of the following are found: antibodies to tissue transglutaminase, the endomesium and gliadin. Gluten intolerance typically refers to one who is intolerance of gluten-containing grains (again no enzymes to break down the gliadins) but only antibodies to gliadin are present. Theoretically, the absence of anti-transglutaminaseand anti-endomysial antibodies should indicate that the villi are not damaged sufficiently to cause malabsorption. But, clinically these individuals (with only positive anti-gliadin antibodies) exhibit an inability to absorb Vitamin D supplementation[i] and 2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid[ii].So, some degree of malabsorption is present, even when the celiac antibodies are absent. Wheat sensitivity is an adverse reaction to all wheat products and typically is not associated with gluten intolerance/celiac disease.

Dealing with Gluten by Walter J Crinnion ND

Wheat is one of the main food sensitivities that is found by alternative medicine practitioners and some published studies[iii][iv]to be the main underlying cause of debilitating health symptoms. Interestingly, one group of researchers has found that all the participants with non-celiac and non-IgE mediated wheat reactions (non-food allergy) did have positive anti-gliadin antibodies[v][vi]. Dr. Peter D’Adamo, in his book Eat Right 4 Your Type, recommends that wheat be excluded from the diet for all of the blood types (along with dairy and sugar- covering all of the most common food sensitivities) and his adherents have reported dramatic health improvements[vii]. Wheat elimination is also recommended by several major diets including the new popular Paleolithic diet.  So, it appears clear from several vantage points that eliminating wheat and gluten appears to be a positive step towards better health. What is not clear is what role our inherent lack of gluten-digesting enzymes plays in wheat sensitivity. Since all human are deficient in these enzymes, it is likely that their absence is a major contributing factor to wheat sensitivity[iv].

One of the main problems with wheat elimination is the fact that wheat products are ubiquitous in our food supply, and a prominent component in many of our dietary staples. Fortunately, research has shown that the addition of thebacterially-derived enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase IV(DPP IV)to the small intestine is able to break down the gliadin protein. Rats who are deficient in DPP IV rapidly loose weight when fed gluten, while those with DPP IV showed no adverse reaction to gluten[viii].  Since then it has been established that DPP IV is a rate-limiting enzyme for the digestive breakdown of gluten proteins[ix]. Adding DPP-IV to ones digestive supplements prior to, and after a gluten-containing meal (or a gluten-contaminated meal) may reduce the onset of symptoms associated with intolerance by breaking down gluten and gliadin proteins.*


*This statement has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease
^This blog was written by an outside source. This blog does not necessarily reflect the views or positions of Natural Partners.
[i]Crinnion W. Unpublished research
[ii]Crinnion WJ. The benefit of pre- and post-challenge urine heavy metal testing:part 2. Altern Med Rev. 2009;14(2):103-8. PubMed PMID: 19594221.
[iii]Egger J, Carter CM, Wilson J, Turner MW, Soothill JF. Is migraine food allergy? A double-blind controlled trial of oligoantigenic diet treatment. Lancet. 1983;2(8355):865-9. PubMed PMID: 6137694.
[iv]Egger J, Carter CM, Soothill JF, Wilson J. Oligoantigenic diet treatment of children with epilepsy and migraine. J Pediatr. 1989 Jan;114(1):51-8. PubMedPMID: 2909707.
[v]Carroccio A, Mansueto P, D'Alcamo A, Iacono G. Non-Celiac Wheat Sensitivity as an Allergic Condition: Personal Experience and Narrative Review. Am JGastroenterol.2013 Oct 29.doi: 10.1038/ajg.2013.353. PubMed PMID: 24169272.
[vi]Carroccio A, Mansueto P, Iacono G, Soresi M, D'Alcamo A, Cavataio F, Brusca I, Florena AM, Ambrosiano G, Seidita A, Pirrone G, Rini GB. Non-celiac wheatsensitivity diagnosed by double-blind placebo-controlled challenge: exploring a new clinical entity. Am J Gastroenterol. 2012 Dec;107(12):1898-906; quiz 1907. doi: 10.1038/ajg.2012.236. PubMed PMID: 22825366.
[vii]D’Adamo PJ. Personal communication 2003
[viii]Tiruppathi C, Miyamoto Y, Ganapathy V, Leibach FH. Genetic evidence for role of DPP IV in intestinal hydrolysis and assimilation of prolyl peptides. Am JPhysiol. 1993;265(1 Pt 1):G81-9. PubMed PMID: 8101699.
[ix]Hausch F, Shan L, Santiago NA, Gray GM, Khosla C. Intestinal digestive resistance of immunodominantgliadin peptides. Am J PhysiolGastrointest LiverPhysiol. 2002;283(4):G996-G1003. PubMed PMID: 12223360.